Cascina Cabasse has chosen Lavandula Angustifolia, characterized by its delicate perfume and high quality standards, which distinguish it from other lavenders.
The real lavender plant was born in June 2015 in Cabasse di Ceresole d’Alba (CN) – Piedmont, in the municipality of Roero on a territorial extension of about 3,810 square metres.
Lavender is a rural plant, but needs its attention in order to last over time. We assume that our lavender field can stay so in that way for about 10 years, then another will have to be done.
The cultivation and care of plants take place with natural cultivation and chemical herbicides.
The lavender field extends in parallel rows with a distance of 2 metres from each other so that yuo can easily access it even with agricultural vehicles.
Within the row, each plant is about 50 cm from each other so that it can give vent to its growth.
Towards the end of June and the beginning of July, we are able to observe the end of dull bloom and the peak of balsamic time.
This is the ideal time for the collection and extraction of the essential oil.
But who warns us of balsamic time?
Bees, yellow bumblebees, macaons and other picturesque insects that populate the lavender field like a metropolis, abandon it at the beginning of the fading.
This is the peak of balsamic time, it’s time to collect the flowers oil.
Essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the flowering tops.
Heated water produces water vapor that passes through the plant matter inside a special container, the still.
Water vapor drags with it the volatile particles that are contained in the raw material, also in the form of steam.
Through a cooling process, they are re-condensed transforming into aromatic water and essential oil which separate by different specific weight.
The average active distillation time varies approximately from 1 to 2 hours.
We have at disposal a distiller with a volume of 250 litres which entails a load capacity of flowers for about 50/60 kg per processing cycle.
The phase of loading and unloading the flowers in the distiller, heating the water for the production of steam, extracting the essential oil takes us for a total of 3 or 4 hours per distillation cycle.
Currently, during the lavender harvest period, we are able to carry out about ¾ distillation cycles per day.
Obtained the E.O. and defined its safety data sheet, it is possible to proceed with the creation of cosmetic line.
Our best tips for a correct cultivation
Soil: lavender fears and does not tolerate water stagnation. So, well drained soil is essential. Make sure trere is no stagnation if you want the plant to last.
Position: sunny to guarantee beautiful flowers and a good perfume.
Spacing: keep a distance between the plants from 40 to 50 cm.
Planting: it is advisable to plant the seedlings in the ground between the beginning of spring and the end of autumn.
Beware of late frosts in spring. At the height of summer, attention must be paid to drought.
Irrigation: lavender does not need a lot of water. It should be watered at least until it takes root well in the ground, then it thrives in warm, sunny and dry conditions.
Pruning: to maintain the plant over time, it must always be pruned by the end of autumn.
This encourages new shoots and helps prevent the plant from becoming edgy, cut vigorously without going to the woody part.